4 Types of Workplace Violence: Here's What You Need to Know
Workplace violence falls into among four categories typically, based on the National Institute meant for Occupational Health insurance and Safety. Specific workplaces are in risk for various varieties of violence, therefore identifying the sort your company is certainly most at risk for might help with planning.
Type I: Criminal intent. In this type or types of violent incident, the perpetrator does not have any legitimate romantic relationship to the business enterprise or its worker(s). Rather, the violence is incidental to some other crime, such as for example robbery, shoplifting, or trespassing. Works of terrorism fall into this category.
In 2017, 31 percent of workplace homicides were perpetrated by robbers. The "other/unspecified" category, with 27 percent of place of work homicides for the reason that full year, may include instances of criminal intent also.
Type II: Customer/customer. When the violent person includes a legitimate romantic relationship with the business-for example, the individual is a person, client, patient, student, or inmate-and turns into violent while being offered by the continuing business, violence falls into this category.
A large part of customer/customer incidents occur in the healthcare industry, in configurations such as assisted living facilities or psychiatric facilities; the victims are patient caregivers often. Cops, prison staff, air travel attendants, and teachers can become victims of this sort of violence also.
About 20 percent of most place of work homicides resulted from Type II violence in 2014, but this category makes up about a majority of non-fatal workplace violence incidents.
Your workplace could be at risk for Type II violence if your business involves coping with individuals such as for example criminals or those most people who are mentally ill or people who are confined and under tension, such as for example airplane passengers who've been sitting down on the tarmac or clients waiting in longer lines for a shop to open.
Type III: Worker-on-employee. The perpetrator of Type III violence can be a worker or past worker of the business enterprise who episodes or threatens other worker(s) or past worker(s) at work. Worker-on-employee fatalities accounted for 15 percent of most workplace homicides in 2014 approximately.
All workplaces are in risk for this kind of violence, but workplaces at higher risk include the your that do not carry out a police arrest records check within the hiring process, or are downsizing or lowering their workforce otherwise.
Type IV: Personal romantic relationship. The perpetrator usually does not have a relationship with the business but has a personal relationship with the meant victim. This category includes victims of domestic violence who are assaulted or threatened while at work and accounted for about 7 percent of all workplace homicides in 2014.
This type of violence can occur in all workplaces but is most difficult to prevent in workplaces that are accessible to the public during business hours, such as retail businesses, and/or have only one location, making it impossible to transfer employees who are being threatened. Women are at higher risk of becoming victims of this type of violence than men.